Chapter 15.06
FIRE CODE*

Sections:

15.06.010    Short title.

15.06.011    Adoption.

15.06.012    Restrictions.

15.06.013    Amendments.

15.06.014    Reserved.

15.06.015    Fire detection systems.

15.06.016    Fire sprinkler systems.

15.06.017    Restricted access buildings.

15.06.018    Preventable fire alarms.

15.06.019    New materials, processes or occupancies which may require permits.

15.06.020    Wellhead protection ordinance coordination.

15.06.021    Appeals.

15.06.022    Penalties and enforcement.

15.06.023    Building permit issuance and occupancy.

15.06.024    Nonconforming structures.

*Prior legislation: Ords. 1537, 1926, 2014, and 2215. Formerly Chapter 20E.100 RCDG.

Code reviser’s note: This chapter was previously codified as Chapter 15.28 RMC.

15.06.010 Short title.

This chapter and amendments hereto shall constitute the Redmond Fire Code and may be cited as such. (Ord. 2693 § 2 (part), 2013: Ord. 2530 § 2 (part), 2010: Ord. 2357 § 1 (part), 2007: Ord. 2220 § 1, 2004).

15.06.011 Adoption.

The International Fire Code, 2012 Edition, published by the International Code Council including Appendices F and I, together with the amendments, modifications, and exceptions in Chapter 51-54 WAC excluding the changes to IFC Sections 503 and 605.11, in their entirety as the same now exist or as they may be hereafter amended, except such portions as are hereinafter by this chapter deleted, modified, amended or added to, are hereby adopted and incorporated as fully as if set out at length herein. (Ord. 2693 § 2 (part), 2013: Ord. 2530 § 2 (part), 2010: Ord. 2357 § 1 (part), 2007: Ord. 2220 § 1, 2004).

15.06.012 Restrictions.

(1) Occupancies Prohibited. No Group H, Division 1 occupancy as defined in Section 307, International Building Code, 2012 Edition, shall be permitted.

Exception No. 1: A Group H, Division 1 occupancy may be allowed when approved by the Chief and the Building Official and authorized by a valid Fire Code Permit.

(2) Bulk Plants. Bulk plants referred to in Section 3402 of the International Fire Code, 2012 Edition, shall be prohibited throughout the City except in areas zoned Manufacturing Park (MP) or Industry (I) pursuant to the Redmond Zoning Code and shall be limited to underground storage only.

Exception No. 1: Unless prohibited by the City of Redmond Wellhead Protection Ordinance.

(3) Liquefied Petroleum Gas Storage. The limits referred to in Section 6104.2 of the International Fire Code, 2012 Edition, in which bulk storage of liquefied petroleum gas is restricted are established throughout the City limits except areas zoned Manufacturing Park (MP) or Industry (I) pursuant to the Redmond Zoning Code.

(4) Flammable Cryogenic Fluids. Flammable cryogenic fluids referred to in Section 5806 of the International Fire Code, 2012 Edition, shall be prohibited throughout the City except in areas zoned Manufacturing Park (MP) or Industry (I), or when approved by the Fire Code Official and the Building Official and authorized by a valid Fire Code Permit. (Ord. 2693 § 2 (part), 2013: Ord. 2596 § 2 (part), 2011; Ord. 2530 § 2 (part), 2010: Ord. 2357 § 1 (part), 2007: Ord. 2220 § 1, 2004).

15.06.013 Amendments.

The following are modifications or amendments to the International Fire Code, 2012 Edition, as adopted in RMC 15.06.011 and shall correspond to the context of said International Fire Code as if set out at length in their respective sections in lieu of or in addition to published sections or subsections. Where an amendment or modification replaces a published section or subsection, the published section or subsection shall be deemed void and deleted.

(1) Amend 102.7 to read as follows:

102.7 Referenced codes and standards. The codes and standards referenced in this code shall be the Redmond Fire Department Standards and those that are listed in Chapter 80. Such codes and standards shall be considered part of the requirements of this code to the prescribed extent of each such reference and as further regulated in sections 102.7.1; 102.7.2, and 102.7.3. Redmond Fire Department Standards shall constitute the primary reference document and guideline. Where differences occur between the provisions of this code and the referenced standards, the provisions of this code shall apply.

(2) Add Section 102.7.3 as follows:

102.7.3 Supplemental Rules and Regulations.

The Fire Code Official is authorized to render interpretations of this code and to make and enforce rules and supplemental regulations in order to carry out the application and intent of its provisions. Such interpretations, rules, and regulations shall be known as “Redmond Fire Department Standards” and shall be in conformance with the intent and purpose of this code and shall be available to the public during normal business hours.

(3) Amend Section 104.11.2 to read as follows:

104.11.2 Obstructing operations.

No person shall obstruct the operations of the fire department in connection with extinguishment, control, or investigation of any fire or control of any fire, or actions relative to other emergencies, or disobey any lawful command of the fire chief or officer of the fire department in charge of the emergency, or any part thereof, or any lawful order of a police officer assisting the fire department.

(4) Add Section 104.12 as follows:

104.12 Assistance from other agencies.

Police and other enforcement agencies shall have authority to render necessary assistance in the enforcement of this code as requested by the Fire Code Official.

(5) Amend Section 105.6.23 to read as follows:

105.6.23 Hot work operations.

An operational permit is required for hot work including, but not limited to:

1. Public exhibitions and demonstrations where hot work is conducted.

2. Use of portable hot work equipment inside a structure.

Exception 1: Work that is conducted under a construction permit.

Exception 2: Less than 16 ounces in self-contained, hand-held devices that do not allow gas flow or flame when the trigger is released.

3. Fixed-site hot work equipment such as welding booths.

4. Hot work conducted within a wildfire risk area.

5. Application of roof coverings with the use of an open-flame device.

6. When approved, the Fire Code Official shall issue a permit to carry out a Hot Work Program. This program allows approved personnel to regulate their facility’s hot work operations. The approved personnel shall be trained in the fire safety aspects denoted in this chapter and shall be responsible for issuing permits requiring compliance with the requirements found in Chapter 26. These permits shall be issued only to their employees or hot work operations under their supervision.

(6) Amend Section 105.6.27 to read as follows:

105.6.27 LP-gas.

An operational permit is required for:

1. Storage and use of LP-gas.

Exception 1: A permit is not required for individual containers with a 500-gallon (1893 L) water capacity or less or multiple container systems having an aggregate quantity not exceeding 500 gallons (1893L) serving occupancies in Group R-3.

Exception 2: In other than R-3 occupancies, a permit is not required in noncommercial outdoor use of propane barbecue grills.

2. Operation of cargo tankers that transport LP-gas.

(7) Add Section 105.6.47 as follows:

105.6.47 Battery systems.

An operational permit is required to operate a stationary storage battery system having a liquid capacity of more than 50 gallons (189 L).

(8) Add Section 105.6.48 to read as follows:

105.6.48 Fire alarm systems.

An operational permit is required when using an approved Central Station Service alternative.

(9) Add Section 105.6.49, Emergency responder radio coverage system, as follows:

105.6.49 Emergency responder radio coverage system.

An operational permit is required to operate an emergency responder radio coverage system as prescribed in Section 510.

(10) Amend Section 105.7.4 to read as follows:

105.7.4 Cryogenic fluids.

A construction permit is required for installation of or alteration to stationary cryogenic fluid storage systems where the system capacity exceeds the amounts listed in Table 105.6.10. Maintenance performed in accordance with this code is not considered an alteration and does not require a construction permit.

(11) Add Section 105.7.17 as follows:

105.7.17 HPM Facilities.

A construction permit is required to install equipment or facilities that store, handle, or use hazardous production materials.

(12) Add Section 105.7.18 as follows:

105.7.18 High Piled Storage.

A construction permit is required to establish and construct high piled storage areas exceeding 500 square feet in a building or portion thereof.

(13) Add Section 105.7.19 as follows:

105.7.19 Refrigeration Equipment.

A construction permit is required to install a mechanical refrigeration unit or system regulated by Chapter 6 of the IFC.

(14) Add Section 105.7.20 as follows:

105.7.20 Places of Assembly.

A construction permit is required for all new Place of Assembly uses.

(15) Add Section 105.7.21 as follows:

105.7.21 Smoke Control System. A construction permit is required for all new installations of, or modifications to, smoke control systems regulated by Section 909.

(16) Repealed by Ord. 2693.

(17) Add Section 110.5 as follows:

110.5 Fire or explosion damaged buildings. The owner, occupant or other person having under his control any property or materials on a property damaged by fire or explosion shall, when ordered by the Chief, immediately secure the property against entry or unauthorized access by the public, by boarding up all openings, fencing, barricading or utilizing other appropriate measures. Within 30 days after written notice to do so has been served, all debris and/or damaged materials shall be removed from the property and proof furnished that contractual arrangements have been made for prompt demolition, replacement or repair of all fire or explosion damaged structures remaining on the property involved in the fire or explosion.

(18) Add/amend Section 202 as follows:

1. Amend the definition(s) of “Facility” to read as follows:

FACILITY.

A building or use in a fixed location including exterior storage areas for flammable and combustible substances and hazardous materials, piers, wharves, tank farms, parks, plazas, sport fields or other public assembly areas and similar uses. This term includes recreational vehicles, mobile home and manufactured housing parks, sales and storage lots.

2. Add the following definition(s):

GROSS AREA:

The gross area means the total area of all floors, measured from the exterior face, outside dimensions or exterior column line of a building, including basements, cellars, and balconies, but not including unexcavated areas. Where walls and columns are omitted in the construction of a building, such as an open shed or marquee, the exterior wall of the open side or sides, for the purpose of calculating gross area, will be the edge of the roof, including gutters.

Power Tap. A listed device for indoor use consisting of an attachment plug on one end of a flexible cord and two or more receptacles on the opposite end with overcurrent protection.

(19) Amend Section 307.1 to read as follows:

307.1 General. A person shall not kindle or maintain, or authorize to be kindled or maintained, any open burning unless conducted and approved in accordance with Sections 307.1.1 through 307.5, see also Chapter 173-425 WAC.

(20) Amend Section 307.4.3 to read as follows:

307.4.3 Portable outdoor fireplaces. Portable outdoor fireplaces shall be used in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions and shall not be operated within 15 feet (3048 mm) of a structure or combustible material.

(21) Add Section 308.1.6.3 as follows:

308.1.6.3 Fixed installations of open flame devices. Fixed installations of open flame devices, including but not limited to LPG fireplaces and fire pits, shall require permits as set forth in Section 105.

(22) Amend 314.4 to read as follows:

314.4 Vehicles.

Liquid- or gas-fueled vehicles, fueled equipment, boats or other motorcraft shall not be located indoors except as follows:

1. Batteries are disconnected.

2. Fuel in fuel tanks does not exceed one-quarter tank or 5 gallons (19 L) (whichever is least).

3. Fuel tanks and fill openings are closed and sealed to prevent tampering.

4. Vehicles, fueled equipment, boats, or other motorcraft equipment are not fueled or defueled within the building.

(23) Add Section 503.1.1.1 to read as follows:

503.1.1.1 Extent of access.

The fire apparatus access roadway shall extend to within 50 feet of at least 25 percent of the perimeter of the building. Where access roadway cannot be provided, the Fire Code Official is authorized to require an approved fire protection system or systems as provided in RMC 15.06.017.

Exception: Detached one- and two-family dwelling units.

(24) Add Section 503.1.1.2 to read as follows:

503.1.1.2 Easements.

When directed by the Fire Code Official, emergency vehicle access routes or areas, including Emergency Vehicle Operations Areas, turnarounds, overhang areas, firefighter access, emergency egress, or similar, that are not within a public right-of-way shall be maintained in an approved and recorded Emergency Vehicle Access and/or Firefighter Access Easement.

(25) Add Section 503.2.7.1 as follows:

503.2.7.1 Maximum grade.

All required access roadways shall be constructed so that the maximum gradient is 10 percent. Where this requirement cannot be met, the Fire Code Official is authorized to require approved safeguards as identified in RMC 15.06.017.

(26) Amend Section 503.2.8, to read as follows:

503.2.8 Angles of approach and departure.

The angles of approach and departure for fire apparatus access roads shall be within the limits established by the Fire Code Official based on the fire department’s apparatus. No access roadway or access road approach to a public way shall have an arc higher than 12 inches in less than 20 feet. Where these requirements cannot be provided, the Fire Code Official is authorized to require approved safeguards as identified in RMC 15.06.017.

(27) Amend Section 503.4.1 as follows:

503.4.1 Obstructions of fire lanes and fire apparatus access roads. Fire lanes and fire apparatus access roads shall not be obstructed in any manner, including the parking of vehicles. The minimum widths and clearances established in Section 503.2.1 shall be maintained at all times. The Chief shall have the power and authority to remove or cause to be removed without notice, any vehicle, vessel, or thing parked or placed in violation of Section 503.4 of the International Fire Code. The Chief may direct a property owner or property manager of a commercial or multi-family development to have such vehicles towed and/or contract with a towing company to have such vehicles towed when necessary to maintain fire access unobstructed. The owner of any item so removed shall be responsible for all towing, storage, and other charges connected therewith.

(28) Add Section 505.3 to read as follows:

505.3 Street and road designations. Street and road designations shall be as determined and assigned by the Chief.

(29) Amend Section 507.5 to read as follows:

507.5 Fire hydrant systems.

Fire hydrant systems shall comply with Sections 507.5.1 through 507.5.6. Hydrant spacing in commercial and multi-family shall be 300' on center; hydrant spacing for single-family residences shall be 600' on center.

(30) Amend Section 507.5.1 to read as follows:

507.5.1 Where required.

Where a portion of the facility or building hereafter constructed or moved into or within the jurisdiction is more than 150 feet from a hydrant on a fire apparatus access road, as measured by an approved route around the exterior of the facility or building, on-site fire hydrants and mains shall be provided where required by the Fire Code Official.

Exceptions:

1. For group R-3, Group U and one- and two-family dwellings, the distance requirement shall be 300 feet.

2. For Group R-3, Group U, and one- and two-family dwellings equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section 903.3, the distance requirement shall be 600 feet.

(31) Amend Section 507.5.1.1 to read as follows:

507.5.1.1 Hydrant for sprinkler and standpipe systems. Buildings equipped with a sprinkler or standpipe system installed in accordance with Section 903 or 905 shall have a fire hydrant within 40 feet (12.2 m) of the fire department connections.

Exception: The distance shall be permitted to exceed 40 feet (12.2 m) where approved by the Fire Code Official.

(32) Replace the existing language in Section 510 with the following:

Section 510 Emergency responder radio coverage.

Emergency responder radio coverage systems shall be provided in buildings if it is determined by the Fire Code Official that there is inadequate emergency radio coverage within the building. Such systems shall be installed as required in Redmond Fire Department Standards.

(33) Amend Section 602 to read as follows:

602.1 Definitions. The following terms are defined in Chapter 2:

BATTERY SYSTEMS,
STATIONARY LEAD-ACID

BATTERY TYPES

COMMERCIAL
COOKING APPLIANCES

HOOD

Type I

Type II

POWER TAP

REFRIGERANT

REFRIGERATION SYSTEM

(34) Amend Section 603.3 to read as follows:

603.3 Fuel oil storage systems.

Fuel oil storage systems shall be installed in accordance with this code. Fuel oil piping systems shall be installed in accordance with the International Mechanical Code. Secondary containment shall be provided for all new installations of storage tanks and associated piping.

Exception: Piping that is integral to the fuel-fired appliance.

(35) Amend Section 901.4.1 to read as follows:

901.4.1 Required fire protection systems.

Fire protection systems required by this code or the International Building Code shall be installed, repaired, operated, tested, and maintained in accordance with this code. The Redmond Fire Department Standards applicable to the particular system shall constitute the primary reference document.

(36) Amend Section 901.7 to read as follows:

901.7 Systems out of service.

Where a fire protection system is out of service, the fire department and the Fire Code Official shall be notified immediately and, where required by the Fire Code Official, the building shall either be evacuated or an approved fire watch shall be provided for all occupants left unprotected by the shut down until the fire protection system has been returned to service.

Where utilized, fire watches shall be provided with at least one approved means for notification of the fire department and their only duty shall be to perform constant patrols of the protected premises and keep watch for fires.

(37) Add Section 901.11 to read as follows:

901.11 Problematic Fire Protection Systems: In the event of repeated system malfunctions or maintenance related activations, the Fire Code Official may declare the system to be a problematic system and is authorized to direct corrective action to be taken. The Fire Code Official is authorized to have the fire protection system placed out of service. The procedures found in Section 901.7 “Systems out of service” shall be followed.

(38) Amend Section 903.2 to read as follows:

903.2 Where Required.

Approved automatic sprinkler systems in new buildings and structures shall be provided in the locations described in the Redmond Municipal Code Section 15.06.016, and Sections 903.2.1 through 903.2.12.

(39) Amend Section 903.4.2 to read as follows:

903.4.2 Alarms.

Approved audible and visible alarm notification appliances shall be provided for every automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 907 and throughout areas designated by the Fire Code Official. Sprinkler water-flow alarm devices shall be activated by water flow equivalent to the flow of a single sprinkler of the smallest orifice size installed in the system. Alarm devices shall be provided on the exterior of the building in an approved location. Where a fire alarm system is installed, activation of the automatic sprinkler system shall activate the building fire alarm system.

Exception: With approval of the Fire Code Official, audible and visible alarm notification appliances may be omitted for approved residential sprinkler systems in 1- or 2-dwelling units if not otherwise specifically required.

(40) Amend Section 903.4.3 to read as follows:

903.4.3 Floor control valves.

Approved supervised indicating control valves shall be provided at the point of connection to the riser on each floor in multi-story buildings.

Exception: When specifically approved by the Fire Code Official.

(41) Add Section 905.3.9 to read as follows:

905.3.9 High Rise Building Standpipes.

High rise standpipe risers shall be combination standpipe/sprinkler risers using a minimum pipe size of 6 inches. Two 2 1/2 inch hose connections shall be provided on every intermediate floor level landing in every required stairway. Where pressure reduction valves (prv) are required, each hose connection shall be provided with its own prv. The system shall be designed to provide a minimum flow of 300 gpm at a minimum pressure of 150 psi (maximum 200 psi) at each standpipe connection, in addition to the flow and pressure requirements contained in NFPA 14.

(42) Amend Section 907.2 to read as follows:

907.2 Where required – new buildings and structures.

An approved fire alarm system installed in accordance with the provisions of this code and NFPA 72 shall be provided in new buildings and structures where there is a required sprinkler system, except one- and two-family dwellings as defined in the IRC and in accordance with Sections 907.2.1 through 907.23, and provide occupant notification in accordance with Section 907.5, unless required by another section of this code.

A minimum of one manual fire alarm box shall be provided in an approved location to initiate a fire alarm signal to fire alarm systems employing automatic fire detectors or water-flow detection devices. Where other sections of this code allow elimination of fire alarm boxes due to sprinklers, a single fire alarm box shall be installed.

Exceptions:

1. The manual fire alarm box is not required for fire alarm systems dedicated to elevator recall control and supervisory service.

(43) Amend section 1103.8.1 to read as follows:

1103.8.1 Where required. Existing group I-1 and R occupancies shall be provided with single-station smoke alarms in accordance with Section 907.2.11, except as provided in sections 1103.8.2 and 1103.8.3.

Exception: Where smoke detectors connected to a fire alarm system have been installed as a substitute for smoke alarms.

(44) Amend Section 3311.1 to read as follows:

3311.1 Stairways required.

Where a building has been constructed to a building height of 50 feet or four stories as measured from the lowest level of fire department vehicle access, or where an existing building exceeding 50 feet in building height is altered, at least one temporary lighted stairway shall be provided unless one or more of the permanent stairways are erected as the construction progresses.

(45) Amend Section 5001.5.1 to read as follows:

5001.5.1 Hazardous Materials Management Plan.

Where required by the Fire Code Official, an application for a permit shall include a Hazardous Materials Management Plan (HMMP). The HMMP shall include a facility site plan designating the following:

1. Access to each storage and use area.

2. Location of emergency equipment.

3. Location where liaison will meet emergency responders.

4. Facility evacuation meeting point locations.

5. The general purpose of other areas within the building.

6. Location of all above-ground and underground tanks and their appurtenances including, but not limited to, sumps, vaults, below grade treatment systems, and piping.

7. The hazard classes in each area.

8. Locations of all control areas and Group H occupancies.

9. Emergency exits.

10. Location of spill control equipment.

(46) Amend Section 5001.5.2 to read as follows:

5001.5.2 Hazardous Materials Inventory Statement (HMIS).

Where required by the Fire Code Official, an application for a permit shall include an HMIS. The HMIS shall be provided using a Redmond Fire Department approved format. The HMIS shall include the following information:

1. Manufacturer’s name.

2. Chemical name, trade names, hazardous ingredients.

3. Hazard classification.

4. MSDS or equivalent.

5. United Nations (UN), North America (NA) or the Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) identification number.

6. Maximum quantity stored or used on-site at one time.

7. Storage conditions related to the storage type, temperature, and pressure.

(47) Amend Section 5003.1 to read as follows:

5003.1 Scope. The storage, use and handling of all hazardous materials shall be in accordance with this section and shall comply with the provisions of the City of Redmond Wellhead Protection Ordinance.

(48) Add Section 5003.9.11 as follows:

5003.9.11 Manufacturer’s limitations. The storage and use of hazardous materials shall not exceed the manufacturer’s limitations on shelf life and any other restrictions on use.

(49) Amend Section 5004.2.2 to read as follows:

5004.2.2 Secondary containment for hazardous material liquids and solids.

Where required by Table 5004.2.2 buildings, rooms, areas, tanks, and associated piping or areas used for the storage of hazardous materials, liquids, or solids shall be provided with secondary containment in accordance with this section when the capacity of an individual vessel or the aggregate capacity of multiple vessels exceeds the following:

1. Liquids: Capacity of an individual vessel exceeds 55 gallons (208 L) or the aggregate capacity of multiple vessels exceeds 1,000 gallons (3785 L); and

2. Solids: Capacity of an individual vessel exceeds 550 pounds (250 kg) or the aggregate capacity of multiple vessels exceeds 10,000 pounds (4540 kg).

(50) Add Section 5608.1.1 as follows:

5608.1.1 Fireworks.

Refer to Chapter 9.26 RMC (Fireworks) and to RCW 70.77.120 et seq. (State Fireworks Law).

(51) Add Section 5703.4.1, to read as follows:

5703.4.1, Secondary Containment.

Secondary containment shall be provided for all new installations of storage tanks and associated piping.

(Ord. 2693 § 2 (part), 2013: Ord. 2530 § 2 (part), 2010: Ord. 2357 § 1 (part), 2007: Ord. 2220 § 1, 2004).

15.06.014 Reserved.

15.06.015 Fire detection systems.

The following regulations constitute general requirements of fire detection and alarm systems and supervisory and alarm requirements for buildings with automatic fire sprinklers. Specific requirements may be found in the Redmond Fire Department Standards, Redmond Fire Code and NFPA 72.

Where Required:

(1) In structures with an approved fire sprinkler system.

Exception 1: Fire Sprinkler System with 10 or less heads with the approval of the Fire Marshal.

Exception 2: 1 and 2 Family dwellings per IRC.

(2) Structures in annexed areas. Any structure with a gross area of 6,000 square feet or more annexed to the City shall install a fire detection system within one year from the date of annexation.

Exception: Single family and multi-family residential occupancies.

(3) Where required elsewhere by the Redmond Fire Code or the IBC. (Ord. 2530 § 2 (part), 2010: Ord. 2357 § 1 (part), 2007: Ord. 2220 § 1, 2004).

15.06.016 Fire sprinkler systems.

The following regulations constitute general requirements for fire sprinkler systems.

All approved fire sprinkler systems shall meet the requirements of the Redmond Fire Department Standards, Redmond Fire Code, and the applicable NFPA Standards. All systems shall have an adequate water supply, system of piping, and sprinkler heads designed to discharge water on a fire at an appropriate time and in an effective manner. All underground sprinkler supply piping shall be included on civil drawings and shall be approved by the water supplier and the Redmond Fire Department.

An area separation wall or fire wall, or occupancy separation or fire barrier wall, or a distance of 10 feet or less shall not constitute a separation between two structures on the same property.

For the purposes of this section, the following definition shall apply:

Gross Area. The gross area means the total area of all floors, measured from the exterior face, outside dimensions or exterior column line of a building, including basements, cellars, and balconies, but not including unexcavated areas. Where walls and columns are omitted in the construction of a building, such as an open shed or marquee, the exterior wall of the open side or sides, for the purpose of calculating gross area, will be the edge of the roof, including gutters.

Where Required. An approved fire sprinkler system shall be required in the following structures:

(1) Commercial.

(a) In any structure where the gross area is 3,000 square feet or more.

(b) In any structure where the calculated fire flow demand exceeds available flow.

(c) In buildings with an A-2 occupancy where one or more of the following exists:

• An occupant load greater than 100,

• An A-2 fire area is located on a floor other than the level of exit discharge.

(d) All nightclubs, defined as follows:

Nightclub. An A-2 Occupancy use under the 2012 International Building Code in which the aggregate area of concentrated use of unfixed chairs and standing space that is specifically designated and primarily used for dancing or viewing performers exceeds three hundred fifty square feet, excluding adjacent lobby areas. “Nightclub” does not include theaters with fixed seating, banquet halls, or lodge halls.

(e) In any building with an assembly occupancy where the total occupant load of the building is over 200.

(f) Existing commercial buildings, where one of the following applies:

• Additions resulting in a gross area greater than 5,000 square feet, or

• Sprinklers may be required in buildings that undergo a change of use or occupancy, refer to IFC Section 102.3.

(2) Residential – One- and Two-Family dwellings:

(a) An approved automatic fire sprinkler system shall be installed in new one- and two-family dwellings and townhouses as described in the International Residential Code in accordance with Section 903.3.1 of the International Fire Code, 2012 Edition.

Exception: This subsection (2)(a) does not require the installation of an approved fire sprinkler system in any mobile home or manufactured home. This exception is limited to this subsection (2)(a) and nothing herein exempts a mobile home or manufactured home from any other requirement to install an approved automatic fire sprinkler system under any other section or subsection of this code or of any international code adopted by the City.

(b) Existing detached one- and two-family dwelling units where additions result in a gross area greater than 6,000 square feet must be retrofitted with an automatic sprinkler system throughout.

Exception: Additions to detached one- or two-family dwellings of up to 500 square feet are permitted without compliance with this section. This is a one-time exemption, and this exemption must be recorded with King County Records and Elections.

(3) Where required elsewhere by the Redmond Fire Code or the International Building Code. (Ord. 2693 § 2 (part), 2013: Ord. 2530 § 2 (part), 2010: Ord. 2357 § 1 (part), 2007: Ord. 2324 § 1, 2007; Ord. 2220 § 1, 2004).

15.06.017 Restricted access buildings.

(1) Where a building or portion of a building is so located or constructed with grades, elevations, vegetation, or other natural or manmade obstacles which make exterior or interior access and/or use by fire apparatus, equipment, or personnel unduly difficult, unsafe or impossible, additional safeguards may be required by the Fire Code Official. Where such access is being proposed as part of a land subdivision, the Fire Code Official may declare a proposed lot unaccessible and therefore deny that proposed lot. Safeguards may consist of one or more of the following applicable items or alternates suitable for firefighting, fire protection, EMS, and/or rescue operations as specified by the Fire Code Official:

(a) Automatic fire sprinkler throughout.

(b) Smoke detection system.

(c) Automatic fire alarm systems.

(d) Communication systems.

(i) Voice alarm system;

(ii) Public address system;

(iii) Fire department communication system.

(e) Central control station.

(f) Smoke control systems.

(g) Emergency elevator systems.

(h) Emergency exits.

(i) Emergency areas of refuge including horizontal exits and smoke-proof enclosures.

(j) Vertical and horizontal standpipes.

(k) Standby power, light, and emergency systems.

(l) Emergency medical services-sized elevator (4' x 7' clear interior).

(m) Reduction or deletion of non-sprinklered areas.

(n) Fire-resistive construction.

(o) Noncombustible siding (limited, protected, or no openings).

(p) NFPA 13 compliant sprinkler coverage.

(q) Brushed concrete access drive or similar.

(r) Firefighter access stairs/ramps.

(s) Ladder operations area (not just aerial but also ground ladders).

(t) Electrically controlled access doors or gates provided with emergency services override (strobe, radio, etc.).

(u) Dedicated Emergency Service access and parking areas.

(2) All systems shall meet the design requirements set forth in the Redmond Fire Department Standards and Redmond Fire Code. (Ord. 2693 § 2 (part), 2013: Ord. 2530 § 2 (part), 2010: Ord. 2357 § 1 (part), 2007: Ord. 2220 § 1, 2004).

15.06.018 Preventable fire alarms.

A preventable fire alarm is the activation of any fire protection or alarm system which results in the response of the Fire Department and is caused by malfunction, improper maintenance, negligence, or misuse of the system by an owner, occupant, employee, or agent, or any other activation not caused by excessive heat, smoke, fire, or similar activating event.

1. Preventable alarms shall include situations such as the following:

a. Erroneous transmission of an alarm or trouble signal by a fire alarm monitoring company.

b. Transmission of an alarm or trouble signal while working on a fire protection system connected to an alarm system when reasonable steps were not taken to prevent the reporting of an alarm to the Fire Department.

c. Transmission of an alarm or trouble signal during fire drills, or testing of a fire protection or alarm system when reasonable steps were not taken to prevent the reporting of an alarm to the Fire Department.

d. Work such as painting, welding, cleaning, cooking, dust-producing activities, or similar which activate a signal from the fire alarm system.

e. Accidental activation of a fire alarm system or component when reasonable steps were not taken to prevent the activation and reporting of an alarm to the Fire Department.

f. Damaging any system device, panel, wiring or component when reasonable steps were not taken to prevent such damage and the reporting of an alarm to the Fire Department.

g. Improper installation or use of system components, including location in, or near, atmospheres incompatible with the device (moisture, acidic, high air flow, vents, fans, dust, etc.).

h. Installation of unapproved or incompatible components or devices, or improper modification to components or devices which result in a signal from the fire alarm system.

i. Activation of the alarm for a nonemergency situation that does not warrant an emergency Fire Department response.

2. Preventable alarms shall not include situations such as the following:

a. System activation due to actual fire, explosion, smoke production, overheating, or similar that did or could have produced fire.

b. Manual activation of a fire alarm where it was believed a fire or other emergency existed which required emergency Fire Department response.

c. A system signal caused by unintentional release of steam, heat, gases, water, or vapor which might activate a detector when reasonable steps have been taken to prevent such release.

d. A system signal caused by earthquake, lightning, or other natural occurrences that result in power fluctuations, movement, or flooding of a building.

e. Work on telephone lines or central office equipment that causes disruption in the signal, or produces erroneous signals, when reasonable steps have been taken to prevent such disruption.

f. Accidental activation of a fire alarm system or component when reasonable steps have been taken to prevent the activation and reporting of an alarm to the Fire Department.

3. Owner Responsibilities.

a. A fire alarm system is a building system which is the responsibility of the building owner to install correctly and maintain properly.

b. The owner shall have a contractual relationship with a qualified company for provision of equipment and service to meet requirements established for the installation and maintenance of such systems. The owner may change to any qualified company to provide such equipment and service but must provide a smooth transition so that equipment is not damaged nor service interrupted. The owner shall provide the Redmond Fire Department with a minimum 30 days’ notice prior to the occurrence of such a change. Details of these general requirements are found in RMC 15.06.015 and the Redmond Fire Department Standards.

4. Notification and Fees.

a. If an alarm is deemed by the Fire Code Official to be a preventable alarm, the Fire Code Official shall determine who was responsible for the initiating of the preventable alarm. The responsible individual, company, occupant, owner, or the agent for the occupant or owner shall receive notice in writing from the Fire Code Official indicating the date and time of the alarm, the determination made, notice of the fee to be imposed, and steps which can be taken for relief from the fee if applicable. An employee acting on behalf of a company with a contractual relationship with the owner or occupant shall be considered to be under the direction of their company and generally the company shall be held responsible for the actions of the employee that have caused a preventable alarm. If the initiation is not directly attributable to the action of an individual, company, or occupant, the owner or owner’s agent shall be responsible and receive the notice noted above.

b. The owner shall not be considered to have caused a preventable alarm if such preventable alarm is caused by malicious action of another who is not under the control of, nor under contract with, the owner.

c. Fees shall be as established by the adopted fee schedule. The next annual business license shall not be issued until all past due fees are paid.

5. Relief From Fees.

a. If the preventable alarm is caused by a malfunction, improper maintenance, or similar, relief from fees against an owner or owner’s representative may be waived entirely if:

i. In a non-certificated (or labeled) building, the owner or owner’s representative provides to the Redmond Fire Department a valid certificate or placard for central station service within 30 calendar days of the notice of preventable alarm activation having been issued. A copy of a completed “Service, Repair, or Confidence Report” documenting system repair shall accompany the certificate or placard. Such central station service certificate or placard shall conform to Redmond Fire Department Standards; or

ii. In a certificated building, the owner or owner’s representative provides to the Redmond Fire Department, within 15 calendar days of the notice of preventable alarm activation, a copy of a completed “Service, Repair, or Confidence Report” documenting system repair.

6. Fire Watch. When a fire protection system is under repair or for any reason is unable to transmit an alarm signal, the Fire Code Official is authorized to require a fire watch per Redmond Fire Department Standards. Failure to maintain a continuous and systematic fire watch, failure to have a working method of notifying fire dispatch of an incident, or failure to comply with written directions of the Fire Code Official shall constitute a failure to maintain the alarm system and the individual, or company providing the fire watch, or the building owner or the owner’s agent shall be subject to a fee per the adopted fee schedule of no less than the fee for a preventable alarm.

7. Procedures. Administrative procedures and forms necessary for the implementation of this section shall be as identified in the Redmond Fire Department Standards. (Ord. 2357 § 1 (part), 2007: Ord. 2220 § 1, 2004).

15.06.019 New materials, processes or occupancies which may require permits.

The Fire Code Official shall determine and specify, after giving the affected person an opportunity to be heard, any new materials, processes or occupancies which may require permits, in addition to those now enumerated in said code. The Chief of the Fire Department shall cause such list to be posted in a conspicuous place in his office and distribute copies thereof to interested persons. (Ord. 2357 § 1 (part), 2007: Ord. 2220 § 1, 2004).

15.06.020 Wellhead protection ordinance coordination.

Fire Department construction and maintenance, reviews and inspections occur within Wellhead Protection Zones established within the RMC and the Redmond Zoning Code. A major component of these fire department reviews and inspections is the verification that storage, handling, use, and operations involving hazardous materials comply with adopted codes. In order to coordinate and minimize overlap in the enforcement of the Redmond Fire Code with wellhead protection regulations, the following shall apply:

1. Regulations imposed through the Wellhead Protection Ordinance (WPO) are enforceable by the Fire Code Official.

2. Where, within a particular wellhead protection zone, a threshold amount noted within the WPO is less than the threshold in the Redmond Fire Code, the lower threshold shall apply and be enforceable by the Fire Code Official.

3. The Fire Code Official shall exercise authority over all Hazardous Materials Inventory Statements and Hazardous Material Management Plans for materials regulated by the Redmond Fire Code.

4. The Fire Department shall have the authority to enforce rules governing “deleterious substances” for such substances so identified by the Redmond Natural Resources Department. Substances so identified by Natural Resources shall be listed under the subcategory “other health hazards” of Hazardous Materials. Other health hazards may include irritants, sensitizers, pyrophoric, unstable-reactive, or radioactive material, as identified by the Fire Code Official. (Ord. 2693 § 2 (part), 2013: Ord. 2596 § 2 (part), 2011; Ord. 2357 § 1 (part), 2007: Ord. 2220 § 1, 2004).

15.06.021 Appeals.

Whenever the Fire Code Official or designee disapproves an application or refuses to grant a permit applied for, or when it is claimed that the provisions of the code do not apply or that the true intent and meaning of the code has been misconstrued or wrongly interpreted, the applicant may appeal to the Chief of the Fire Department in accordance with the procedures for Type 1 review, Redmond Zoning Code 21.76.060(D). Appeals from the decisions of the Chief to the Hearing Examiner shall be made as prescribed in Redmond Zoning Code Section 21.76.060(D)(4). (Ord. 2693 § 2 (part), 2013: Ord. 2596 § 2 (part), 2011: Ord. 2357 § 1 (part), 2007: Ord. 2220 § 1, 2004).

15.06.022 Penalties and enforcement.

(1) Penalties for Violations. Any person who violates any of the provisions of the Redmond Fire Code or fails to comply therewith, or who violates or fails to comply with any order made thereunder, or who builds in violation of any detailed statement of specifications or plans submitted and approved thereunder, and from which no appeal has been taken, or who fails to comply with such an order as affirmed or modified by the board of appeals or by a court of competent jurisdiction, within the time fixed herein, shall, severally for each and every such violation and non-compliance respectively, be subject to the penalties for violations provided in RMC 1.01.110 or 1.14.060 as deemed applicable by the Chief. The imposition of one penalty for any violation shall not excuse the violation or permit it to continue; and all such persons shall be required to correct or remedy such violations or defects within a reasonable time.

(2) The imposition of penalties upon conviction shall not preclude the City and the Chief from taking further appropriate legal action to cause compliance with the provisions of the Fire Code or to remove prohibited conditions. (Ord. 2357 § 1 (part), 2007: Ord. 2220 § 1, 2004).

15.06.023 Building permit issuance and occupancy.

The passage of the ordinance codified in this chapter is necessary for the protection of the public health, safety and welfare of the citizens of the City. No building permit shall be issued until plans, which are in compliance with this chapter, have been submitted and approved. No building shall be occupied until such approved systems have been inspected and are operational. (Ord. 2357 § 1 (part), 2007: Ord. 2220 § 1, 2004).

15.06.024 Nonconforming structures.

Nonconforming structures shall comply with the following:

(1) A nonconforming structure may not be expanded or altered in any way so as to increase that nonconformity.

(2) When a nonconforming structure has been destroyed, damaged or has incurred a loss equal to or greater than 60 percent of its assessed value, it shall comply with the requirements of RMC 15.06.015 and 15.06.016.

(3) A nonconforming structure shall be brought into full compliance with RMC 15.06, the Redmond Fire Code, when alteration or expansion of the structure takes place and the following takes place within any three-year period:

(a) The gross floor area of the structure is increased by 100 percent or more; or

(b) The costs stated on all approved building permit applications for the structure equal or exceed the value of the existing structure at the beginning of that three-year period. (Ord. 2530 § 2 (part), 2010).